Adaptation of a child in a preschool means adaptation and acceptance of new conditions related to the adoption of a new role of a preschooler. Adaptation strategies include various behaviors of the child, the purpose of which is to understand and embrace the new environment. Each adaptation is different because each child has an individual way of adapting to the new environment and coping with more difficult emotions associated with separation from parents. The adaptive program at our preschool is flexible because the adaptation is tailored to the child’s needs. After each day the teacher, together with the parent sets the plan for the next day. It is quite common that children, especially younger ones, to stay on the first day at the preschool for about 30 minutes without a parent. It is very important that the parent who goes through the adaptation period with the child also manages their own emotions. The child should not see a parent crying, for example, while dropping the child because it will raise the anxiety of the child. Emotions that adults transfer to children, build a positive or negative image in the child’s adaptation and stay in the preschool as the child can feel your emotions related to this new environment.
Plan tygodnia adaptacyjnego
The adaptive week consists of 5 consecutive working days, from Monday to Friday (so that adaptation days are not divided by the weekend). This week, the parent who will bring the child to the preschool is asked for full availability (in case there is a need to pick up the child).
day 1 (Monday)
Stay with a parent (or other guardian) – about 1.5 hours, from 9:45 AM. During this stay at the preschool, the child gets acquainted with the environment, new guardians and other children. If the child wants, he or she can take part in educational activities or be in the room without participating in these activities. This is the time when the child can observe what is happening in the room and discover the preschool space in the room of the given group.
day 2 (Tuesday)
The stay lasts about 2 or 3 hours, the parent for the first time leaves the child at the preschool alone, for about 30-45 minutes, this day will allow for knowing the child’s reaction to the separation from the parent. From 9:45 AM to 11:30 AM. (Once agreed with the teacher, the parent can leave the preschool)
Children often signal their dissatisfaction with parting in tears. However, prolonging separation increases the child’s anxiety even more. It is important that the separation is warm but firm. Separation also arouses a lot of emotions in parents, so it is important that the parent is prepared for it and controls their own emotions. In order for the child to feel safe in the preschool and trust the teachers, the parent must allow the teachers to calm the child.
day 3 (Wednesday)
The stay takes about 3 or 4 hours. From 8:30 AM or 9:30 AM to 12:00 Noon. The parent leaves the child after walking to the room. During separation, the child focuses his emotions around separation from the parent. It may be displayed by tears or a strong cuddle with the parent. It is important not to prolong parting.
day 4 (Thursday)
Bringing the child at 8:30 AM, breakfast, soup and afternoon nap, followed by parents picking up the child right after sleep, around 2:00 PM.
day 5 (Friday)
Bringing a child around 8:30 AM, breakfast, soup, afternoon nap and second meal. The parents take the child after the second meal around 3:00 PM.
In some situations, children may be crying when they see a parent after an afternoon nap. This is the most natural reaction, especially for emotionally more mature children. During the day the child may not cry, looks at the new environment, adapts to the new conditions and his role as a preschooler. Crying at the sight of a parent is a sign that the child has been able to “postpone” difficult emotions for later, to share them with the parent. During the day at the preschool, the child does not focus on experiencing more difficult emotions related to separation from parents, but on getting to know the pre-school world to understand it as soon as possible in order to gain a sense of security.